The Theological and Philosophical Thoughts of Karl Rahner
Karen Kilby discusses the philosophical and theological thoughts of Karl Rahner, a German Jesuit priest and theologian.
Karl Rahner was a German Jesuit priest and theologian. He was greatly influenced by Aquinas and Heidegger, particularly the view that knowledge of the world can only be received through the senses and that the mind draws on this through abstraction to create intellectual knowledge. To do this requires the ability to transcend particular instances and it is in this space that Rahner believes humans move towards God and that grace is present.
Clive Marsh discusses Albrecht Ritschl, the influence of Ferdinand Christian Baur, his thinking, and the quest for the historical Jesus.
Albrecht Ritschl was a German Lutheran theologian. Originally a New Testament scholar he argued for a method of historical criticism that accepts the bible as source of concrete fact and revelation of the work of God. He rejected notions of original sin and understood the death of Jesus as obedience and ethical model, not sacrifice. He viewed repentance and forgiveness as changes in internal orientations towards good and the Kingdom of God.
Carl Schmitt and Political Theology
Richard Sudworth talks about Carl Schmitt and political theology.
Carl Schmitt was a conservative German philosopher and critic of liberalism, democracy and cosmopolitanism. He favoured constitutional authoritarianism, defined politics on the basis of the distinction between friends and enemies, and was an overt supporter of Nazism.