Theologians

Martin Buber

By Daniel Weiss

Daniel Weiss talks about the Jewish philosopher Martin Buber and the influential nature of his philosophy.

Martin Buber was an Austrian Jewish and Israeli philosopher. His most famous book, the slim, poetic and highly complex Ich und Du (I and Thou) set out his theory of dialogical existentialism founded in encounter. From this he argued that a true relationship with God must be experienced and met, not simply thought of and expressed.

Rudolf Bultmann

By David Fergusson

David Fergusson describes Bultmann's theological journey from his liberal training through to Bultmann's assertion that the only critical element of the life of Jesus is the crucifixion, which left some significant weaknesses in his arguments.

Rudolf Bultmann was a German theologian and New Testament scholar. He argued for a demythologising of the New Testament and for an emphasis on effectiveness over historical accuracy or boundedness; and the transcendent Christ rather than the historical Jesus. One of the founders of form criticism, he sought to reconcile the essence of Christian teaching with existentialism.

The Life, Works and Influence of Joseph Butler

By Christopher Cunliffe

Christopher Cunliffe discusses the life, works and influence of Joseph Butler highlighting his focus on moral philosophy and theological application to everyday life.

Joseph Butler was an English bishop, theologian, apologist, and philosopher. He was born in Wantage in the English county of Oxfordshire. He is known, among other things, for his critique of Deism, Thomas Hobbes's egoism, and John Locke's theory of personal identity. Butler influenced many philosophers and religious thinkers, and is widely considered as one of the preeminent English moralists.

The Life, Works and Influence of John Calvin

By Tony Lane

Tony Lane discusses the life, works, theology and influence of Calvin as a second generation reformist.

Romanticism and Samuel Taylor Coleridge

By Douglas Hedley

Douglas Hedley discusses Romanticism as it emerges from Enlightenment and the life and theology of the philosopher Samuel Taylor Coleridge.

Samuel Taylor Coleridge was an English poet, philosopher and theologian, who with William Wordsworth founded the Romantic Movement. He is mostly remembered for his poetry and literary criticism, alongside his addiction and turbulent life. However, these were informed by religious notions of universal life-consciousness and unity.

Introduction to Rene Descartes'. Part 1 of 2.

By John Cottingham

John Cottingham discusses Rene Descartes contribution to philosophy and theology. Rene Descartes was a French philosopher and mathematician. In his, Meditations on First Philosophy, he argued for radical scepticism (examining beliefs against a method of doubt about source) towards any form of knowledge. This idea set the scene for philosophical debate for centuries to come. The work included his famous claim that only one thing is certain; 'cogito ergo sum'; popularly translated as 'I think therefore I am'.

Rene Descartes': His Legacy and Rationalism. Part 2 of 2.

By John Cottingham

John Cottingham discusses Rene Descartes' Legacy and Rationalism. Rene Descartes was a French philosopher and mathematician. In his, Meditations on First Philosophy, he argued for radical scepticism (examining beliefs against a method of doubt about source) towards any form of knowledge. This idea set the scene for philosophical debate for centuries to come. The work included his famous claim that only one thing is certain; 'cogito ergo sum'; popularly translated as 'I think therefore I am'.

The Life, Works and Influence of Hans Wilhelm Frei

By Ben Fulford

Ben Fulford discusses Hans Wilhelm Frei's approach to biblical hermeneutics and its emphasis on facilitating the shaping of one's life in conformity with God's action in history.

Hans Wilhelm Frei was an American biblical scholar and theologian. In his celebrated work The Eclipse of Biblical Narrative he argued that rationalist theology had disregarded the narrative nature of scripture. He argued for reading the Bible as text and not historical source and stressed the importance of culture and language in literary interpretation and understanding.

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